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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 465-470

Effect of combinations of dexamethasone-ondansetron and dexamethasone-ondansetron-aprepitant versus aprepitant alone for early postoperative nausea and vomiting after day care gynaecological laparoscopy: A randomised clinical trial

Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, JIPMER, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Satyen Parida
Type VB-2, JIPMER Campus, Dhanvantari Nagar, JIPMER, Puducherry - 605 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_119_21

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Background and Aims: This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of the combination of dexamethasone–ondansetron with oral aprepitant alone and triple combination therapy with all three agents (dexamethasone-ondansetron and oral aprepitant) in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in day care gynaecologic laparoscopy. Methods: This was a randomised clinical trial conducted at a university teaching hospital. A total of 105 female patients were randomised into the aprepitant (A), dexamethasone-ondansetron (DO) and aprepitant-dexamethasone-ondansetron (ADO) groups. The patients in the A group received only 80 mg oral aprepitant 1 h before surgery. The patients in the DO group, received dexamethasone 8 mg at induction with ondansetron 4 mg before extubation. Patients in the ADO group received 80 mg oral aprepitant 1 h before surgery, dexamethasone 8 mg at induction and ondansetron 4 mg before extubation. Incidence of nausea and vomiting was compared between groups using the Chi-square test/Fisher's test. Bellville score for severity of PONV was analysed using the Kruskall-Wallis test. P value < 0.05 was regarded as significant. Results: The incidence of PONV did not show a statistically significant difference between the three groups, with a P value of 0.13 (12.5%, 30.3% and 32.3% in groups ADO, DO and A, respectively). The severity of PONV measured using Bellville score was also not significantly different among the groups [median values (IQR) of 0 (0-0), 0 (0-1), and 0 (0-1)]. Conclusion: The combination of aprepitant, dexamethasone and ondansetron failed to demonstrate a statistically significant superiority over the other two antiemetic regimens.

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