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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 383-389

Effect of positive cumulative fluid balance on postoperative complications after living donor liver transplantation: A retrospective analysis

1 Department of Anaesthesia, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Delhi, India
2 Department of Liver Transplant and Hepatobiliary Surgery, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Delhi, India
3 Department of Statistics, Mizoram University (A Central University), Pachhunga University College Campus, Aizawl, Mizoram, India

Correspondence Address:
Neha Garg
Department of Anaesthesiology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, Delhi - 110 070
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_1457_20

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Background and Aims: Fluid administration during liver transplant (LT) surgery is controversial. Although adverse outcomes following positive intraoperative fluid balance have been reported, studies presenting the influence of cumulative postoperative fluid balance (CFB) on complications following LT are sparse. Patients with chronic liver disease tend to receive more fluid during and after surgery due to their unique physiological disease state. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of 48-hour CFB on the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) and pulmonary complications on day 4 after live donor LT. Methods: This retrospective study included 230 patients undergoing live donor LT. The effect of CFB on day 2 on AKI and pulmonary complications was analysed. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, samples t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test were used. Results: Bivariate analysis showed a lower graft vs recipient weight ratio (GRWR), sepsis (P < 0.001) and a higher 48-hour CFB after surgery significantly increased the development of AKI. For pulmonary complications, higher Model for End- stage Liver Disease-Na (MELD-Na) score, higher peak arterial lactate, higher 48-hour CFB (P = 0.016) and sepsis (P = 0.003) were found to be statistically significant. Upon multivariate analysis, CFB at 48 hours was significantly higher in patients suffering from pulmonary complications, and GRWR and sepsis were significant for AKI. For every one litre increase in CFB on day 2, the odds of pulmonary complications increased by 37%. Conclusion: A more positive CFB on day 2 increased the development of pulmonary complications and lower GRWR and sepsis increased the development of AKI.

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