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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 321-327

Haemodynamic responses following orotracheal intubation in patients with hypertension---Macintosh direct laryngoscope versus Glidescope®videolaryngoscope

Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Tanvi M Meshram
Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, All India institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_417_20

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Background and Aims: Glidescope®videolaryngoscope (GVL) is a video intubation system with 60° angle blade that provides excellent laryngeal view, does not require alignment of oral, pharyngeal, and laryngeal axes for visualisation of glottis, thus causing less stimulation of orolaryngopharynx. The aim of this study was to compare haemodynamic responses (blood pressure and heart rate) and airway morbidity using the Macintosh direct laryngoscope (MDL) and the Glidescope®videolaryngoscope (GVL) in hypertensive patients. Methods: Fifty patients with hypertension controlled on antihypertensive medications scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia were randomly assigned to group GVL (n = 25) or group MDL (n = 25). Heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean blood pressure (MBP) were recorded at baseline, after induction, pre-intubation, at intubation, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 min after intubation. Time to intubation, number of attempts, complications during intubation, and postoperative airway complications (sore throat, hoarseness, dysphagia, and cough) were also recorded. Results: There was a statistically significant increase in SBP, DBP, and MBP at intubation [(P = 0.003, 0.013, 0.03), 1 min (P = 0.001, 0.012, 0.02), 2 min (P = 0.04, 0.02, 0.04), and 3 min (P = 0.02, 0.01)] in the MDL group as compared to GVL group. The time to intubate was significantly greater in the GVL group as compared to MDL group (P = 0.0006). There was no significant difference in the incidence of intraoperative and postoperative airway complications. Conclusion: In the hands of an experienced anaesthesiologist, the use of GVL in controlled hypertensive patients is associated with less haemodynamic response as compared to Macintosh Laryngoscope without any increase in airway complications.

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