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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 309-315

Study comparing different airway assessment tests in predicting difficult laryngoscopy: A prospective study in geriatric patients

1 Department of Anaesthesiology, Pain Medicine and Critical Care, Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Pratibha Panjiar
16, Sadhna Enclave, Second Floor; New Delhi - 110 017
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_1413_20

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Background and Aims: Limited studies are available comparing diagnostic accuracy of various airway predictors in geriatric patients. We conducted this study with primary aim to evaluate and validate the predictive value of 'standard airway predictors' like modified Mallampati test, thyromental distance (TMD), sternomental distance, neck movement (NM), mouth opening (MO), dentition and 'new airway predictors' like upper lip bite test (ULBT), ratio of height to thyromental distance and thyromental height test (TMHT) for predicting difficult laryngoscopy in geriatric patients. Methods: This prospective, observational study was conducted on 140 patients above 65 years of age of either sex, scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia requiring endotracheal intubation. The age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI) and airway parameters were recorded. The laryngoscopic view was assessed by modified Cormack-Lehane scale. Standard formulae were used to calculate validity indexes. Results: The incidence of difficult larygoscopy found in our study was 25%. The mean age of our study population was 69.37 ± 4.23 years. TMD exhibited the highest sensitivity (80%) and negative predictive value (NPV) (91.86%) as compared to other studied airway predictors. The positive predictive value (PPV) of ULBT was 100%. Moreover, ULBT exhibited highest accuracy (82.14%) and odds ratio (86.88) and high specificity (91.30%) for predicting difficult laryngoscopy in geriatric patients. NM and TMHT also exhibited high accuracy (77.85%, 77.14%) and PPV (59.09%, 52.94%). Conclusions: TMD and ULBT both showed good predictive value in diagnosing difficult laryngoscopy in geriatric patients. Furthermore, NM and TMHT also exhibited higher diagnostic accuracy in predicting difficult airway in these patients.

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