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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 115-120

Postoperative analgesic efficacy of the pulmonary recruitment manoeuvre compared to intraperitoneal hydrocortisone in laparoscopic gynaecological surgeries


Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Management, Faculty of Medicine Cairo University, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed Elsakka
Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Management, Faculty of Medicine Cairo University
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_423_20

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Background and Aims: Laparoscopic surgeries are becoming attractive because of early recovery. Adequate postoperative pain relief may be a major concern. Several methods have been used to relieve laparoscopic postoperative pain. Methodology: This prospective, randomised, controlled study was conducted during the period between February and June 2019. Patients were assigned into three groups. Patients in the hydrocortisone group received intraperitoneal 100mg hydrocortisone in 150 ml normal saline together with the routine method to remove carbondioxide (CO2). For patients in the pulmonary recruitment group, CO2 was exsufflated by pulmonary recruitment manoeuvre together with the routine method to remove CO2. In the control group CO2 was removed by applying gentle abdominal pressure allowing passive exsufflation through the port site. Results: A total of 57 patients were included in the study. There was no statistically significant difference between the three groups as regards demographic characteristics. There was a statistically significant difference in the 24 h postoperative analgesic consumption (primary outcome) in the hydrocortisone and pulmonary recruitment groups in comparison to the control group:P value <0.001. Also, time to first request for analgesia was significantly longer and the visual analogue scale (VAS) score was significantly lower in the hydrocortisone and pulmonary recruitment groups compared to the control group:P value <0.001. Conclusion: Intraperitoneal hydrocortisone and pulmonary recruitment manoeuvre could both effectively reduce pain after gynaecological laparoscopic surgeries, however, intraperitoneal hydrocortisone might give a longer pain-free time.


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