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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 204-209

Benefits of N-acetylcysteine on liver functions in living donor hepatectomy


Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mona A Ammar
20 Takksem ElAwkaf, 11341 Cairo, Cairo
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_876_19

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Background and Aims: The proportion of patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation is high especially in countries without or with limited cadaver organ sharing programs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the post-hepatectomy effect of using N-Acetylcysteine (NAC) infusion in living donors undergoing donor hepatectomy. Methods: In a prospective randomised non-blinded study, 50 healthy donors were enrolled; following hepatectomy patients were randomised into 2 groups: Group NC receiving NAC 150 mg/kg diluted in 100 ml glucose 5% over 40 minutes, followed by NAC 12.5 mg/kg in 500 ml glucose 5% over 4 hours. This was followed by NAC 6.25 mg/kg for 2 post-operative days, Group C (Control group) received ringer acetate infusion at same rate for 2 days. The primary outcome was serum lactate levels. Secondary outcomes were liver function tests, serum creatinine and urine output on intensive care unit (ICU) admission (0 hr.), after 24 hours and 48 hours, length of ICU stay. Results: Our study revealed significant reduction in serum lactate in Group NC at 0, 24 and 48 hours compared to C group (P = 0.017, 0.002, 0.014). INR values showed significant reduction after 48 hours in Group NC compared to Group C (P = 0.049). Total Bilirubin, ALT, and Creatinine, urine output and ICU stay showed no statistical difference between the 2 groups. Conclusion: The NAC protocol is a safe, cost-effective tool for improvement of post hepatectomy liver function and early stabilisation of the metabolic profile.


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