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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 538-544

Assessment of perioperative difficult airway among undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnoea patients undergoing elective surgery: A prospective cohort study

1 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Armed forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Command Hospital (CC), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Physiology, Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute, Kelambakkam, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Krishnakumar Mathangi
Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Armed forces Medical College, Pune - 411 013, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_158_18

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Background and Aims: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is largely undiagnosed in surgical population. Airway-related complication account for 35% of anaesthesia-related deaths and OSA patients have higher occurrence of difficult intubation (DIT). The aim of the study is to estimate the occurrence and compare utility of OSA screening parameters in predicting difficult mask ventilation (DMV) and DIT in patients with undiagnosed OSA. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary care centre in patients undergoing elective surgery. STOP-BANG questionnaire was administered preoperatively along with collection of demographic data and airway assessment. Population was divided in to OSA and non-OSA groups based on STOP-BANG score >3. Occurrence of DMV, laryngoscopy (DL), and DIT were compared between both groups using DMV score, Cormack–Lehane grading, and intubation difficulty scale score, respectively. Results: A total of 54 patients in OSA and 46 patients in non-OSA group were studied. A total of 49 cases of DMV, 14 cases of DIT, and 25 cases of DL were encountered. In the OSA group, there was 77.7% DMV, 22.2% DIT, and 33.3% DL. History of snoring had the highest sensitivity and negative predictive value while history of apnea, body mass index >35, sleep apnoea clinical score had the highest specificity in determining occurrence of difficult airway. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated STOP-BANG score as the single most important predictor of DMV (odds ratio 3.15, 95% confidence interval, 2.06–4.8). Conclusion: Positive screening test for OSA is associated with difficult airway management.

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