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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 712-720

Cardiac tachyarrhythmias and anaesthesia: General principles and focus on atrial fibrillation

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, JIPMER, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Satyen Parida
Qr. No. D (II) 18, JIPMER Campus, Dhanvantari Nagar, Puducherry
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ija.IJA_383_17

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Cardiac tachyarrhythmias are encountered commonly during the perioperative period and need to be promptly identified and appropriately managed by the anaesthesiologist. This review intends to highlight important aspects of these tachyarrhythmias and explore a temporal relationship between common medications employed in the perioperative period and their causation. Mechanisms of initiation of tachyarrhythmias, drugs that can trigger those, as well as their diagnosis and management, are also parts of the current review. Cardiac tachyarrhythmias may not always require treatment, and sometimes, aggressive management can trigger more serious types of arrhythmias. A thorough understanding of these tachyarrhythmias and their pathogenesis enables adopting a more objective approach, eschewing risks of inappropriate or unnecessary management strategies. We performed a MEDLINE search using combinations of MeSH terms such as 'cardiac', 'arrhythmias', 'anaesthesia', 'perioperative', 'tachyarrhythmias' and 'anaesthetic implications'. We reviewed the relevant publications with regard to cardiac tachyarrhythmias occurring in the perioperative period.

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