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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 240-243

Management of tracheomalacia in an infant with Tetralogy of Fallot

Department of Anaesthesiology Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Centre, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ranjith B Karthekeyan
Department of Anaesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Centre, No. 1 Ramachandra Nagar, Porur, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5049.155002

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Most infants with tracheomalacia do not need specific therapy as it usually resolves spontaneously by the age of 1-2 years. Severe forms of tracheomalacia characterized by recurrent respiratory infections require active treatment which includes chest physiotherapy, long term intubation or tracheostomy. Aortopexy seems to be the treatment of choice for secondary and even primary forms of severe tracheomalacia. Itentails tracking and suturing the anterior wall of the aorta to the posterior surface of the sternum. Consequently, the anterior wall of the trachea is also pulled forward preventing its collapse. A 3-month-old girl baby who was on ventilatory support for 2 months due to severe tracheomalacia associated with a cyanotic congenital heart disease underwent intracardiac repair and aortopexy along with Lecompte's procedure as all the conservative measures to wean off the ventilator failed. The baby was extubated on the third post-operative day and the post-operative period was uneventful.

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