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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-25

Robotic invasion of operation theatre and associated anaesthetic issues: A review

Department of Anesthesiology Pain Management and Perioperative Care, Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Prem N Kakar
Department of Anesthesiology Pain Management and Perioperative Care, Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 21431048

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A Robotic device is a powered, computer controlled manipulator with artificial sensing that can be reprogrammed to move and position tools to carry out a wide range of tasks. Robots and Telemanipulators were first developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for use in space exploration. Today's medical robotic systems were the brainchild of the United States Department of Defence's desire to decrease war casualties with the development of 'telerobotic surgery'. The 'master-slave' telemanipulator concept was developed for medical use in the early 1990s where the surgeon's (master) manual movements were transmitted to end-effector (slave) instruments at a remote site. Since then, the field of surgical robotics has undergone massive transformation and the future is even brighter. As expected, any new technique brings with it risks and the possibility of technical difficulties. The person who bears the brunt of complications or benefit from a new invention is the 'Patient'. Anaesthesiologists as always must do their part to be the patient's 'best man' in the perioperative period. We should be prepared for screening and selection of patients in a different perspective keeping in mind the steep learning curves of surgeons, long surgical hours, extreme patient positioning and other previously unknown anaesthetic challenges brought about by the surgical robot. In this article we have tried to track the development of surgical robots and consider the unique anaesthetic issues related to robot assisted surgeries.

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